The Freedom Universal

The Freedom Universal Constitution—A Constitution for a Free, Just, and Prosperous Society

The Freedom Universal (the new, precise formulation of the principle of individual sovereignty) forms the core of the Freedom Universal Constitution. The Constitution consists of the provisions below, including the statement of individual sovereignty, the equality before the law provision, the restitution provision, the implementation provisions, and the definitions of terms. The Explanation is an integral part of the Constitution and is to be read with it.

Sovereignty of the Individual

Every person is sovereign, except to the extent that a person has violated the sovereignty of another person, and has not yet made full restitution to that person, thereby restoring the integrity of the injured person as well as the sovereignty of the injurer.

Equality Before the Law

The government shall treat all persons equally, except where unequal treatment is required to protect persons against violations of their sovereignty by other persons.


The government shall reverse its unequal treatment of persons where it occurs, so no person is advantaged or disadvantaged as a result of unequal treatment by the government. Persons who gain unequal government benefits shall return those benefits in full to the government. Persons who incur unequal government costs shall receive full restitution from the government, except those who have violated the sovereignty of another person and not yet made full restitution to the injured person.


The Constitution shall be chosen as the supreme law of the land by means of a referendum of the persons of the jurisdiction.

The Constitution shall operate by means of cases brought before an independent, impartial, competent tribunal constituted for this purpose. The existing political and legal system, including all its laws, institutions, and government actions, shall not be formally changed by the adoption of the Constitution, unless and until a person brings a case claiming a conflict between the Constitution and a law, institution, or government action. The judgment of the tribunal shall bind and require the compliance of the government and all persons of the jurisdiction.

Persons of the jurisdiction may, by means of a simple majority in a referendum, override tribunal judgments and temporarily implement measures that are not in compliance with the Constitution's core provisions. Such noncompliant measures shall expire after no more than four years. Each implementation of a measure that is not in compliance with the Constitution shall be significantly more compliant than the conditions it replaces. Thus, over time, the society shall gradually transition toward greater and greater individual sovereignty and equality before the law.

The Constitution shall not be amended or repealed, except by means of simple majorities in two consecutive referendums of the persons of the jurisdiction, spaced at least three years apart.


Person means individual human beings.

Property means that which a person has acquired through first possession or voluntary exchange. The concept of property is a corollary of the concept of individual sovereignty.

Violence means Coercion which means (physical) force, or the threat of force, or fraud (an indirect form of force).

Government means the ultimate institution of authority in a given jurisdiction. It has no authority of its own, except that which is delegated to it by sovereign individuals.

Treatment means all forms of action—including, without limitation, direct, indirect, explicit, implicit, tacit, written, unwritten, actual, or threatened actions, institutions, laws, rules, regulations, policies, procedures, or customs—that affect one or more persons.

Equality means Equality before the Law which means that persons are not distinguished from one another (except where required to protect persons against violations of their sovereignty).

Innocent Person means a person who has not violated the sovereignty of another person, or has restored their innocence by making full restitution to persons whose sovereignty they have violated.

Supreme Law means that the Constitution prevails in any conflict with any other law.



The above is the short form of the Constitution. The full, detailed statement is being developed and refined in collaboration with experts in the fields of law, economics, political science, and public policy.

Next: Explanation

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